Homework-May 22, 2018

Reading- Pgs. 12 and 13


Science Test tomorrow

Moon Phases for Kids

The moon is approximately 4.5 billion years old. It was probably made when a large object hit the Earth and blasted out rocks. These rocks came together to orbit the earth and formed the moon by melting together and then cooling down. Moon phases can be defined as the different appearances of the moon when seen from the earth. There are total 8 phases that the moon goes through each month.

  • New Moon: – During this phase, the side of the moon which is facing the earth is not illuminated so the moon seems to disappear.
  • Waxing Crescent: – In this phase, the moon begins to show as it starts the orbit. It appears in the sky as tiny silver light and can be seen each evening for a few minutes just after the sunset.
  • First Quarter: – Half of the moon is visible in this phase for the first half of the evening.
  • Waxing Gibbous: – In this phase, most part of the moon is visible. It remains in the sky for the most of the night.
  • Full Moon: – During this phase, the entire face of the moon can be seen from the earth. This is the reason why it is called a Full Moon. It rises as soon as the evening begins and sets in the morning.
  • Waning Gibbous: – Similar to Waxing Gibbous, in this phase also, more than half of the moon can be seen but the difference is that after this, the moon starts getting smaller in size every night.
  • Last Quarter: – During this phase, exactly half of the moon’s lighted surface is visible. In this last quarter, the moon starts waning.
  • Waning Crescent: – During this phase, only a small silver light of the moon is visible to the observers on earth. It can be seen only just before the morning. The visibility period of moon decreases each night.

Quick Facts:

  • Astronomer Galileo Galilei was the first ever person to make proper maps of the moon.
  • The moon itself does not emit any light like the Sun. All we see is the sunlight reflected off the moon.